Falcon Heavy: Magnificient Engineering
Falcon Heavy reusable side boosters land in unison at Cape Canaveral Landing Zones 1 and 2 following test flight on 6 February 2018. Photo Credits: SpaceX

Falcon Heavy: Magnificient Engineering

Falcon Heavy is the most powerful operational rocket in the world by a factor of two. With the ability to lift into orbit nearly 64 metric tons (141,000 lb) Falcon Heavy can lift more than twice the payload of the next closest operational vehicle, the Delta IV Heavy. Falcon Heavy is composed of three Falcon 9 nine-engine cores whose 27 Merlin engines together generate more than 5 million pounds of thrust at liftoff, equal to approximately eighteen 747 aircraft. Falcon Heavy…

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Falcon 9: The most loved rocket
Falcon 9 rocket family; from left to right: Falcon 9 v1.0, v1.1, Full Thrust, Block 5, and Falcon Heavy. Photo credits: Lucabon/SpaceX

Falcon 9: The most loved rocket

Falcon 9 rocket family; from left to right: Falcon 9 v1.0, v1.1, Full Thrust, Block 5, and Falcon Heavy. Photo credits: Lucabon/SpaceX Falcon 9 is a reusable, two-stage rocket designed and manufactured by SpaceX for the reliable and safe transport of people and payloads into Earth orbit and beyond. Falcon 9 is the world’s first orbital-class reusable rocket. Reusability allows SpaceX to refly the most expensive parts of the rocket, which in turn drives down the cost of space access. A…

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Falcon 1: Start of an era!
Launch of a Falcon 1 rocket from the SpaceX launch site on Kwajalein Atoll, September 28, 2008. Credits: Chris Thompson/SpaceX

Falcon 1: Start of an era!

Falcon 1 was the first rocket developed by SpaceX. It is a two-stage launch vehicle capable of putting a metric ton (1000 kg) into low Earth orbit. Falcon 1 uses a single Merlin, a SpaceX-developed, LOX-kerosene rocket engine producing ~570,000 newtons of thrust (for comparison, a single Shuttle main engine burns LOX-hydrogen fuel and produces about 2,300,000 newtons of thrust). The Falcon 1 was designed to put relatively small satellites into low earth orbit. With such payload capacity, it is also…

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Merlin Engines powering Falcon 9
Single Merlin engine under test conditions. Credits: SpaceX

Merlin Engines powering Falcon 9

Falcon 9 is powered by Merlin engine. It has the highest thrust to weight ratio of any boost engine ever made, while still maintaining the structural and thermal safety margins needed to carry astronauts. Merlin engines use RP-1 and liquid oxygen as rocket propellants in a gas-generator power cycle. The Merlin engine was originally designed for sea recovery and reuse. Propellants are fed via a single shaft, dual impeller turbopump. The turbopump also provides high-pressure fluid for the hydraulic actuators, which…

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Falcon 9: Naming
A screenshot from Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope depicting the Millennium Falcon

Falcon 9: Naming

Falcon 9 and the smaller Falcon 1 rockets — are named after the fictional “Millennium Falcon” spaceship from the "Star Wars" movies. The number 9 in Falcon “9” indicates the number of Merlin engines in the first stage of Falcon 9 rocket as depicted in next image. A screenshot from Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope depicting the Millennium Falcon Elon Musk has publicly stated his love for Star Wars, many times. https://twitter.com/elonmusk/status/1009011461924876288 Musk was just 5 years old when…

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Tipu Sultan & The World’s First War Rocket
A painting showing the British forces confronted with Mysorean rockets

Tipu Sultan & The World’s First War Rocket

It is far better to live like a lion for a day then to live like a jackal for hundred years.Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan, also known as Tipu Sahab or the Tiger of Mysore, was the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore based in South India and a pioneer of rocket artillery. Tippu was instructed in military tactics by French officers in the employ of his father, Hyder Ali, who was the Muslim ruler of Mysore. In 1767 Tippu commanded a…

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Saturn V: The King of All Rockets!
All Saturn V launches, 1967–1973. Photo credits: NASA

Saturn V: The King of All Rockets!

As of 2021, the Saturn V holds the record for the tallest, heaviest, and most powerful (highest total impulse) rocket ever launched. It also holds records for the heaviest payload launched and largest payload capacity to low Earth orbit (LEO) of 140,000 kg, which included the third stage and unburned propellant needed to send the Apollo command and service module and Lunar Module to the Moon. Further adding to the achievements list, till date, Saturn V is the only rocket to…

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Soyuz-U: Holding Multiple World Records!
Soyuz insertion timeline. Credits: European Space Agency

Soyuz-U: Holding Multiple World Records!

World record for highest number of launches in a single year: 47 launchesWorld record for total number of missions in lifetime: 786 launchesStreak of consecutive successful launches: 112 launches The above is some of the achievement of the mighty Soyuz-U rocket! This is one of the few rockets that will hold its records for a long time. Soyuz 18 booster on the launch pad 1 at the Baikonur complex in Kazakhstan, USSR. Photo credits: NASA The Soyuz-U launch vehicle was an…

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Atlas V: The rocket with success rate of 99%!
Atlas V 401 on launch pad. Credits: NASA

Atlas V: The rocket with success rate of 99%!

Atlas V is one of most reliable launch vehicle of NASA with 86 out of 87 successful launch and is still active, with the last launch on 18th May, 2021. It was originally designed by Lockheed Martin, now being operated by United Launch Alliance (ULA), a joint venture between Lockheed Martin and Boeing. It is the fifth major version of Atlas rocket family. Atlas V has taken many notable payloads. Curiosity Rover, Juno, New Horizons, MAVEN, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter are some…

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Delta II: 100 successful missions in a row!
Delta rocket evolution. Credits: US Air Force

Delta II: 100 successful missions in a row!

At a rate of 98.7%, and 155 launches for nearly 30 years, the Delta II rocket was a reliable workhorse that launched numerous spacecraft away from Earth. Delta II is part of the Delta rocket family and was designed by McDonnell Douglas. The rocket flew its final mission ICESat-2 on 15 September 2018, earning the launch vehicle a streak of 100 successful missions in a row, with the last failure being GPS IIR-1 in 1997. Delta II 7925 Heavy after ignition…

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